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Braces

Braces

Dental Braces (also known as orthodontic braces, or braces) are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help to position them with regard to a person’s bite, while also working to improve dental health. They are often used to correct underbites, as well as malocclusions, overbites, cross bites, open bites, deep bites, crooked teeth, and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural. Dental braces are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.

Standard (Stainless Steel) Braces

Stainless steel fixed appliances (braces) are comprised of small stainless steel squares (“brackets”) that are bonded with composite resin (dental adhesive) directly to the enamel surfaces of the teeth. A protective layer of dental “sealant” is carefully applied to ensure safe placement and removal of the appliances, thereby preserving the enamel. Bands (stainless steel rings with braces welded to the steel) are often used on the posterior teeth to ensure appliance retention. The braces alone do not move teeth; they are simply stable guidance mechanisms that allow wires and other accouterments to affect the actual tooth movement (wires, chains, elastics, coil springs, and other devices).

Ceramic

Clear or (Ceramic) fixed appliances (braces) used in combination with stainless steel fixed appliances are comprised of small ceramic or stainless steel squares (“brackets”) that are bonded with composite resin (dental adhesive) directly to the enamel surfaces of the teeth. A protective layer of dental “sealant” is applied to ensure safe placement and removal of the appliances, thereby preserving the enamel. Bands (stainless steel rings with braces welded to the steel) are often used on the posterior teeth to ensure appliance retention. The braces alone do not move teeth; they are simply stable guidance mechanisms that allow wires and other accouterments to affect the actual tooth movement (wires, chains, elastics, coil springs, and other devices).

Invisible/Removable (Invisalign®)

A series of clear plastic aligners that are designed by the orthodontist to gradually correct mal-alignment issues (tooth straightening) issues, typically changed every 2 weeks. The appliances are thin and flexible while strong enough to affect the desired changes. Tooth colored composite “attachments” are often placed on the teeth to aid in tooth movement.

Lingual Braces– Metal brackets are placed on the back of your teeth (tongue side) making these braces the most discreet.  However, these are a more expensive treatment option and may be difficult to get used to wearing.

Self-Ligating Braces

One of the most significant differences from conventional dental braces is the absence of elastic ligature (bands or ties).  Self-ligating braces typically are smaller and more aesthetic since a metal door is required to hold wires in place. The self-ligating braces uses a slide mechanism to hold the archwire, thus reducing the amount of pressure exerted on the teeth.

Ask one of our doctors which braces are best for you, schedule a free consultation now.

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